Banded Sphinx Moth (Eumorpha fasciatus)
The banded sphinx moth is a hawk moth found in the Americas. Swiss entomologist Johann Heinrich Sulzer first described it in 1776.
Description and Identification
Larvae are varied in color, ranging from black to green to pink. When young, a horn can be seen on the upper part of their back that eventually reduces as they mature.
After maturing, the larvae pupate underground in shallow burrows. The pupa varies in color from brown to black, having a spindle-shaped body and a small projection close to its tail.
Sexual Dimorphism: Present but not prominent.
Color and Appearance
Forewings: When the wings are opened, a light brown band is observed with sharp pinkish-white bands and streaks. When the wings are closed, the band is still observed along the costa.
Hindwings: When the wings are opened, there is a pink patch on the inner and outer margins. When the wings are closed, the pink color is still visible.
Average wingspan: 8.7 – 9.6 cm
Flight pattern: Erratic
The eggs are large, smooth, and spherical. They are laid underneath the leaves of the foodplant.
|Distribution||Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay in South America. Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama in Central America. Also, in parts of the United States and the Caribbean.|
|Habitat||Tropical, subtropical, and austral lowlands|
|Lifespan of Adults||10-30 days|
|Host Plants||Primrose willow and other willow species|
|Adult Diet||Flower nectar|
Did You Know
- There are two sub-species – Eumorpha fasciatus fasciatus and Eumorpha fasciatus tupaci.