Saturniid moths are a family of moths consisting of 2300 species. They are recognizable from their large wings, which sometimes have eyespots.
The larvae are cylindrical and stout. By the final instar, they are 5-10 cm long. Their coloration varies but generally consists of countershading. There are urticating hairs all over their bodies.
Pupation occurs inside a cocoon made of leaves held together by silk. During this stage, the digestive system is replaced with a reproductive system.
Sexual Dimorphism: Present. Most males have broader antennae than their female counterparts.
Color and Appearance
When opened, the forewings and hindwings resemble a single wing surface. There are eyespots present on the wings of several species. Even when the wings are closed, the colors and patterns remain visible.
Average wingspan: 2.5–15 cm
Flight pattern: Erratic
The eggs are whitish, translucent, smooth, round, and flattened. Around 200 eggs are laid on the leaves of the host plant.
|Habitat||Tropical or subtropical regions|
|Lifespan of Adults||4 and 21 days|
|Predators||Birds and lizards|
|Host Plants||Ash, beech, lilac, persimmon, sumac, and sweet gum|
|Adult Diet||Does not feed|