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Hercules (Coscinocera hercules)

Hercules Moth
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Hercules moth of the Saturniidae family is native to different parts of Australia. William Henry Miskin, an Australian entomologist, described these moths first in 1876.

Description and Identification

Caterpillar

Hercules Moth Caterpillar
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The larvae are pale blue covered in yellow spikes, 12 cm long, weighing about 29 grams. Their food comprises leaves growing in the rainforests, more specifically those growing on the bleeding heart tree. The caterpillar phase lasts for about three months, after which they retreat into their cocoon.

Scientific Classification


  • Family: Saturniidae
  • Genus: Coscinocera
  • Scientific Name: Coscinocera Hercules

Pupa

Hercules Moth Cocoon
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They remain enclosed in a silk cocoon, after which they pupate and emerge into an adult moth.

Adult Moth

Sexual Dimorphism: Present

Color and Appearance: When opened, the wings appear brown with white stripes running down each wing irregularly. Each of the wings is also marked with transparent windows. When closed, they are brown, with only one window visible.

In the male Hercules moths, the rear end of their hindwings is extended to form long tails.

Hercules Moth Male
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Coscinocera hercules
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Average wingspan: 27 cm

Flight pattern: Erratic

Eggs

Hercules Moth Eggs
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The small-sized eggs are orange, taking about 14 days to hatch.

Quick Facts

Quick Facts

DistributionNorthern Australia, New Guinea
HabitatRainforest regions, close to their host plants
PredatorsSeveral birds, like the black butcher
Lifespan of adults10 – 14 days
Host plantsTimonius rumphi, Prunus serotina, Polyscias elegansGlochidion ferdinandi
Adult dietNectar of host plants

Did You Know

  • Their enormous wings make them the largest of all Australian moths in the world. When it comes to the surface area, their’s span to about 300 sq.cm, the biggest among all insects.
Hercules Moth Image
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Hercules Moth Size
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Hercules Moth Picture
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