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Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta)

The oriental fruit moth is a member of the family of tortrix moths. Danish-American entomologist Augustus Busck first discovered this species in 1916.

Oriental Fruit Moth

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Scientific Classification


  • Family: Tortricidae
  • Genus: Grapholita
  • Scientific Name: Grapholita molesta

Description and Identification

Caterpillar

The larvae directly bore into the fruit’s interior, causing immense damage that may eventually result in rotting. Initially, the larvae are cream or white, with a black head. When mature, they become pinkish or creamy-white, their head turning brown. It is 8-13 mm in length.

The larvae directly bore into the fruit’s interior, causing immense damage that may eventually result in rotting.

Oriental Fruit Moth Larvae

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Pupa

It is yellowish-brown in the beginning to dark-brown when adults are ready to emerge. The larvae form a cocoon in a place where it will be secure. 

Oriental Fruit Moth Pupa

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Adult Moth

Sexual Dimorphism: Present but not prominent.

Color and Appearance

They are gray and 5 mm in length.

When the wings are open, they have a salt-and-pepper appearance due to the light and dark bands present on them. When closed, the patterns remain visible.

Average wingspan: 13 mm

Flight pattern: Erratic

Season: Early June to mid-July

Grapholita molesta

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Egg

Eggs start as white before becoming amber. They are small, and oval appearing like a flat disc.

Oriental Fruit Moth Eggs

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Quick Facts

Other namesPeach moth
DistributionNative: China Invasive: Worldwide, including Asia(mainly Japan), Australia, Europe, North and South America, New Zealand, Hawaii, Mauritius, Morocco, and South Africa
HabitatFruit growing regions
Lifespan of AdultsNot recorded
Host PlantsPrimarily peach and nectarine; also apple, apricot, cherry, flowering cherry, pear, plum, quince, and rose
Adult DietDoes not feed

Did You Know

  • The oriental fruit moth larvae are often confused with the codling moth due to certain similarities. The main distinguishing feature is the anal comb present in the former and absent in the latter.
Oriental Fruit Moth Damage

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Oriental Fruit Moth Picture

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