Ruby Tiger Moth (Phragmatobia fuliginosa)
The ruby tiger moth is a member of the Erebidae moth family. It can be spotted during the day flying in open habitats.
- Family: Erebidae
- Genus: Phragmatobia
- Scientific Name: Phragmatobia fuliginosa
Description and Identification
Larvae have black-brown heads, with their gray body being covered with fox-red hairs. The body color can be light or dark and varies from specimen to specimen.
The pupae are black with a segmented yellow abdomen.
Sexual Dimorphism: Present but not prominent.
Color and Appearance
Forewings: When the wings are open, it is observed that they are a dark reddish-brown, densely scaled, and have a black spot near the apex of the wing. When closed, the rose-red edges of the wings become more prominent.
Hindwings: When open, the wings are bright carmine, with black spots. When closed, the patterns become less visible.
Average wingspan: 35–45 mm
Flight pattern: Erratic
Season: May to August
The eggs of these moths are reddish-gray.
|Distribution||The Palearctic region, including Central Asia, Europe, North Africa, Russia, Tibet, and northern areas of North America.|
|Habitat||Downlands, gardens, heathlands, moorlands, sand-dunes, water meadows, and woodland clearings|
|Lifespan of Adults||5 days|
|Host Plants||Blackthorn, creeping willow, dock, European blackberry, goldenrod, ironweed, meadowsweet, plantain, skunk cabbage, sunflowers, and sweetgale|
|Adult Diet||Does not feed|
Did You Know
- The ruby tiger moth has several subspecies throughout the world, including:
- Phragmatobia fuliginosa borealis (Scotland and northern Eurasia)
- Phragmatobia fuliginosa melitensis (Malta)
- Phragmatobia fuliginosa paghmani (Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, northern Iraq, southern Kazakhstan, and western Xinjiang in China)
- Phragmatobia fuliginosa pulverulenta (Nei Mongol, Qinghai, and eastern Xinjiang in China, parts of eastern Kazakhstan and Mongolia)
- Phragmatobia fuliginosa rubricosa (North America)
- Phragmatobia fuliginosa taurica (From southern Turkey to Palestina in the Near East)