Home / Concealer Moths (Oecophoridae) / White-shouldered House Moth (Endrosis sarcitrella)

White-shouldered House Moth (Endrosis sarcitrella)

The White-shouldered house moth of the concealer moths family gets its name after the prominent white patches on its prothorax and shoulder. They have a diverse distribution occurring worldwide, mainly infesting food items, wool, rotting wood, etc. Similar to the brown house moth, it also belongs to the Oecophorinae subfamily.

White Shouldered House Moth

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Scientific Classification


  • Family: Oecophoridae
  • Genus: Endrosis
  • Scientific Name: Endrosis sarcitrella

Description and Identification

Caterpillar

The larvae have a grub-like appearance, 12 mm long, with a white body and brown head. They live on dried plant and animal debris, forming a tunnel of silk to travel within the food source to feed at night. There are records of the larvae eating cereal, dried fruit, seed, and potato, besides wool and old textiles.

White Shouldered House Moth Caterpillar

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Pupa

The pupae are light brown, remaining within a silken cocoon.

Adult Moth

Sexual Dimorphism: Present

The females,10.5 mm long, are larger than the males measuring 6.3 mm.

Color and Appearance: When the wings are opened, they are grayish-white, with the forewings having dark patches. When closed, the pattern remains the same.

They have a prominent white pattern on their shoulder, head, and thorax. Besides, these moths have an overall golden brown body, with dark brown flicks and hair fringes near the wingtips. 

Average wingspan: 15-20 mm

Flight pattern: Consistent

Season: Year-round.

Endrosis sarcitrella

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Egg

Females lay about 200 eggs close to a food source that hatch in 1-4 weeks. They need high humidity (80 %) to hatch finally.

Quick Facts

DistributionWorldwide
HabitatIndoors
PredatorsMites, spiders, birds
Lifespan of Adults3 weeks
DietLarva: Dried fruits, grains, potatoes, cereals, wool, old textiles, rotten wood
Adult: Can take liquid but does not feed

Did you know

  • Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus first described its species name in 1758.
  • The white shouldered moth had several scientific names like Endrosis betulinella and Endrosis fenestrella, invalid at present.
White Shouldered House Moth Image

butterfliesandmoths.org

White Shouldered House Moth Picture

butterfly-conservation.org

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