Snout Moths (Pyralidae)

Snout moths are a family of moths that have over 6000 species. They are the 3rd largest moth family in North America.

List of Moths in this Family

  • Greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella)
  • Lesser wax moth (Achroia grisella)
  • Alligatorweed stem borer moth (Arcola malloi)
  • Almond moth (Cadra cautella)
  • Cacao moth (Ephestia elutella)
  • Cactus moth (Cactoblastis cactorum)
  • Dried fruit moth (Plodia interpunctella)
  • Pantry moth (Plodia interpunctella)
  • Mediterranean flour moth (Ephestia kuehniella)
  • Grease moth (Aglossa cuprina)
  • Zimmerman pine moth (Dioryctria zimmermani)
  • Lesser cornstalk borer moth (Elasmopalpus lignosellus)
  • Locust bean moth (Ectomyelois ceratoniae)
  • Mahogany webworm moth (Macalla thyrsisalis)
  • Bee moth (Aphomia sociella)
  • Pear fruit borer moth (Blastodacna pyrigalla)
  • Pine webworm moth (Pococera robustella)
  • Raisin moth (Cadra figulilella)
  • Rice moth (Corcyra cephalonica)
  • Southern pine coneworm moth (Dioryctria amatella)
  • Stored nut moth (Paralipsa gularis)
  • Sunflower moth (Homoeosoma ellectellum)

Description and Identification


Their colors vary, though most are green or brown.


The pupae are dark brown and generally stay inside a cocoon during this stage.

Adult Moth

Sexual Dimorphism: Present but not prominent.

Color and Appearance

When the wings are opened, they are gray or brown. When closed, the cross-lined patterns are very easy to spot.

Average wingspan: 0.9-3.7 cm

Flight pattern: Erratic

Season: Year-round


Females lay the eggs on the preferred host plant.

Quick Facts

Other names Pyralid moths, grass moths
Distribution Worldwide
Habitat Gardens, hedgerows, riverbanks, scrub, wetlands, and woodlands
Lifespan of Adults Not recorded
Host Plants Nettle, dry vegetables, fruits like apples and pears, nuts, seeds, etc.
Adult Diet Not recorded

Did You Know

  • French zoologist Pierre André Latreille first described this family of moths in 1809.

Mediterranean Flour Moth